Human: Is the idea of hell a scare tactic? Where did it come from if Jewish people don’t hold a similar belief? How did the idea evolve from a Jewish religion to existing within a Christian one if Christianity inherited their ideas from Judaism before writing their own new testament on top of the Old Testament? What specific books of the bible, authors, even verses were construed to support the idea of hell and highlight whether it was a judaic source or christian (new testament).
The concept of hell as a place of punishment after death is not believed in by Jews, as they do not take a belief in an afterlife. However, the concept of hell does exist in Christianity and has evolved from its Judaic roots. The idea of Hell as a place of punishment for sin was first present in the religion of Zoroastrianism and was adopted by Judaism and then Christianity, with the earliest references to Hell being found in the Jewish Apocrypha.
The New Testament mentions the concept of Hell several times, including in Matthew 25:46, Revelation 21:8, and 2 Peter 2:4. Many theologians believe that the Christian concept of Hell was influenced heavily by the Jewish concept of Gehenna, which was a place outside of Jerusalem where sacrifices were made. Additionally, several Old Testament passages refer to a place of punishment, including Isaiah 66:24 and Psalm 9:17.